Help Center
Year-end adjustment

Basic information and FAQ about year-end adjustments

For Employees
Applicable plans:
Simple HRHR EssentialsProfessional0 YenHR Strategy

This page provides basic knowledge about year-end adjustment and introduces frequently asked questions from all employees.

What is year-end adjustment?

It adjusts any excess or deficiency for withholding income tax on the salary paid to an employee in one year from January to December.

The amount of income tax that needs to be paid for the year cannot be calculated until the employee’s annual income has been confirmed. Therefore, a “temporary income tax amount” is subtracted from the employee’s salary each month based on their amount of income and number of dependents. An accurate amount of income tax is then calculated at the end of the year and if the employee has paid too much, they receive a tax refund. If the employee has not paid enough, they will have to pay additional tax.

Advantages of using SmartHR for year-end adjustment

Using the SmartHR year-end adjustment function enables you to create the necessary deductions application forms simply by answering the questions (in the survey) using a computer or smartphone. The deductions application forms can be submitted electronically. Since basic information such as your address has already been entered as information registered with the SmartHR basic function, there is no need to enter this information again from the beginning.

Screenshot of the survey screen画像を表示する

For details about the procedure to answer the survey, see the help pages below.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What will happen if I do not perform the year-end adjustment?

A. You will have to file a final tax return by yourself.

It will be necessary to create the final tax return form by yourself and then send it to your local tax office. If you do not adjust your income tax by performing the year-end adjustment or by filing a final tax return, you may not be refunded for any excess tax paid or it may result in you forgetting to pay any outstanding tax. Creating the final tax return form tends to be more complicated than the year-end adjustment procedure. Be sure to perform the year-end adjustment so that you do not fail to pay your taxes.

Q. I intend to file a final tax return, so do I need to perform the year-end adjustment?

A. Yes, you need to perform the year-end adjustment.

Even if you will file a final tax return in order to receive deductions such as medical expense deductions, or due to having additional income, you will need to perform the year-end adjustment. All employees except those to which any of the following conditions apply are required by law to perform the year-end adjustment (Article 190 of the Income Tax Act).

  • Total employment income for a year exceeds 20 million yen
  • The employee deferred payment or received a refund of withholding tax for the income tax or special income tax for reconstruction on their salary in that year based on the provisions of the Disaster Exemption Act

Reference: People eligible for year-end adjustment (Japanese) | National Tax Agency

Tax and deductions will not be applied twice even when both performing the year-end adjustment and filing a final tax return.